1. Name
    The name of this organisation shall be "The Canberra and District Aquarium Society Incorporated" (CDAS Inc)

  2. Non-profit Organisation
    CDAS Inc shall be a non-profit educational organisation.

  3. Interpretation of the Constitution
    In this Constitution, unless inconsistent with the context or subject matter:
    1. Society means CDAS Inc
    2. Committee means the Committee of the Society elected or appointed according to the provisions of this Constitution
    3. Financial Member or Member means a member of the Society whose annual subscription has been duly paid
    4. Officer means a Member of the Committee
    5. Quorum for the Annual General Meeting means fifteen financial Members of the Society or one half of the total number of Financial Members, whichever is the lesser number
    6. Questions of interpretation of the Constitution and matters affecting the Society not provided for by the Constitution or the Committee shall decide its By-Laws.

  4. Aims
    The aims of the Society are to:
    1. Further the study, ethical breeding, maintenance and display of all forms of aquatic life
    2. Promote the establishment of an inclusive, supportive and friendly community of interest where members can exchange ideas and increase their knowledge of all aspects of raising and breeding fish and other aquarium-based species
    3. Provide opportunities and venues where members can meet, exchange ideas and offer articles for sale or auction.
    4. To support these aims, the Society will
      1. Hold regular meetings at which members may exchange ideas and experience and engage in other activities related to the hobby
      2. Provide library and other resources to support the operation of the Society
      3. Publish a regular journal
      4. Engage in any other educational, promotional or community-based activities necessary to meet members current and emerging needs and interests
      5. Establish mutually beneficial relationships with kindred organizations.

  5. Constitution
    1. The Society shall be conducted in accordance with the rules of the Constitution and its By-Laws.
    2. This Constitution may be amended or repealed by resolution of any Annual or Extraordinary General Meeting.
      1. Any Member wanting to move a resolution to amend or repeal the Constitution shall give notice in writing to the Secretary.
      2. Within five weeks of receiving such notice, the Secretary shall convene a Meeting to consider the proposed resolution.
    3. A resolution to amend or repeal this Constitution shall require a Quorum as defined for the Annual General Meeting.

  6. Membership
    1. The Society shall consist of adult, junior, family, concessional, commercial and honorary Members.
      1. Adult Members shall be persons 18 years of age and over who are not eligible to be concessional members
      2. Junior Members shall be persons up to and including the age of 17 years
      3. Family membership shall be made up of adult and/or junior members who comprise a family grouping as accepted by Committee
      4. Concessional Members shall be persons over 18 years of age who are either full-time students or in receipt of some form of pension
      5. Commercial Members shall be adult members who have a financial and/or controlling interest in a business operating in the aquarium trade.
      6. Honorary Members shall be persons who have made a significant or long-standing contribution to the Society and who provide role models to members in terms of ethical aquarium practices.

    2. To qualify for Membership a person must:
      1. Make application on the prescribed form
      2. Pay the requisite financial dues.

    3. Application for Membership shall be subject to the approval of the Committee.
    4. Honorary Membership
      1. The Committee may elect as honorary Members persons who, in the opinion of the Committee, have rendered meritorious services to the Society for furtherance of its aims
      2. Any Member may nominate persons for election as honorary Members
      3. Honorary Members shall not be required to pay any subscription fee but shall be entitled to all the benefits and privileges of membership
      4. Honorary Membership may be terminated at the discretion of the Committee.

    5. Commercial Membership
      1. Commercial Members may take up no more than 50% of the positions on the General Committee or Executive Committee

  7. Annual Subscriptions
    1. Annual Subscriptions shall be paid in accordance with the By-Laws of the Society
    2. The prescribed annual subscription fee is payable by a Member at the time of becoming a Member of the Society and shall become due and payable at intervals of twelve months thereafter while that person remains a Member of the Society.

  8. Members Bound by the Constitution
  9. Every Member shall be bound by and submit to the Constitution and By-Laws of the Society

  10. Members Details
    1. Every Member shall communicate to the Secretary their full name, current postal, residential and email address, and phone number
    2. All notices shall be sent by email unless specifically requested by the Member.
    3. A notice sent by email shall be deemed to be delivered on receipt of a “read receipt” from the recipient
    4. A notice sent by post to the last recorded address of a Member shall be deemed to have been delivered on the day which is seven days following the date of posting
    5. The Secretary is to be notified of any change whatsoever to those details at the next General Meeting (GM) or as soon as practicable after the Member becomes aware of them.

  11. Termination of Membership
    1. Any Member may resign from the Society by giving notice in writing addressed to the Secretary of their intention to do so. Upon receipt of such resignation by the Secretary, that person ceases to be a Member of the Society
    2. Any Member whose subscription is in arrears by two months or more shall cease to be a Member of the Society but may be reinstated by the Committee at any time within twelve months of their subscription becoming due and payable upon payment of their arrears. A person whose subscription is in arrears by more than twelve months may reapply to become a Member of the Society and shall be subject to all the provisions of this Constitution relating to becoming a Member of the Society,
    3. Membership shall also be terminated if any Member:
      1. Willfully refuses or neglects to comply with the provisions of this Constitution or the Society’s ByLaws, or
      2. Engages in conduct injurious to the Society, or
      3. If the Committee at any time decides that the inte
      4. rests of the Society so require termination of membership.

    4. The following procedures apply for terminating membership under clause 10(3):
      1. A resolution to terminate such Membership must be passed by a majority of two-thirds of all of Committee Members
      2. At least one week before the Meeting of the Committee, at which such resolution is put, the Member shall be given notice in writing by the Secretary of the intended resolution for the termination of their membership and have had an opportunity of giving orally or in writing any explanation or defence they think fit.
      3. A Member whose membership has been terminated by the Committee shall have the right within fourteen days from the date of termination to request that an EGM be called for the purpose of considering the action of the Committee in terminating their membership.
      4. The Secretary shall convene such a Meeting within five weeks of receiving the request from the Member.
      5. At such a Meeting, a majority of two-thirds of the Members present shall be required to confirm the termination of membership.

    5. Any person shall, upon ceasing to be a Member of the Society, forfeit all rights to and claims upon the Society and its property and funds. All monies owing to the Society by a person who has ceased to be a Member shall become due and payable and any property of the Society in the possession of that person shall be duly received.

  12. Committee
    1. There shall be an Executive Committee of Members consisting of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer
    2. There shall be a Committee consisting of the Executive Committee and such general committee members as are necessary to fulfill roles as defined in the by-laws
    3. Committee Members shall be elected at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) and shall hold office until the next succeeding AGM or unless otherwise stated in this Constitution
    4. General committee members may be appointed by a majority decision of the Committee outside of the AGM
    5. The General Committee shall retain office until such time as:
      1. The President rescinds that appointment subject to a majority decision of the Committee
      2. The Member is disqualified under provisions of this Constitution or By-laws, or
      3. The Member resigns from the position.

    6. Only financial Members of the Society shall be eligible to be nominated for positions of office on the Committee
    7. Every candidate for office at AGM shall be proposed by a Member of the Society and seconded by another Member of the Society
    8. A Member may not be hold more than one office on the Executive Committee
    9. Where more than the requisite number of nominations are received, election shall be by voting of Members present
    10. All outgoing Committee Members when resigning shall give notice in writing to the Secretary or President of at least two months in advance to the intended date of cessation of duties, so a handover/takeover can be instigated
    11. Should a casual vacancy occur on the Executive Committee, an election shall be held at the next GM for the purpose of filling that position and the officer so elected shall hold office until the next AGM
    12. No Committee Member shall receive any remuneration for their services
    13. All Executive Committee Members are to make an Annual Report at the AGM in October, and
    14. All Executive Committee Members shall be adult Members.

  13. Duties of President
  14. The President:
    1. Shall chair all Committee and General Meetings
    2. Shall fill the role and responsibilities of Public Officer for the Society
    3. May when necessary speak on behalf of the Society and represent it in relations with other persons, Organisations, Government bodies or designate another Member of the Committee to represent him on such occasions, and
    4. May sign all documents that require their signature as official head of the Society.

  15. Duties of Vice-President
  16. The Vice President shall:
    1. Assist the President in the execution of the duties of President and act as President in the absence of that officer, and
    2. Act as scrutineer and administer auctions and Table Shows.

  17. Duties of Secretary
  18. The Secretary shall:
    1. Have custody of all such documents of the Society, as the Committee requires
    2. Keep full and correct minutes of all Committee and General Meetings of the Society
    3. Keep a register of the names and addresses of Members and be responsible for notifying all Members of meetings and subscription renewals
    4. Attend to such correspondence, as the Committee requires.

  19. Duties of Treasurer
  20. The Treasurer shall:
    1. Receive all monies payable to the Society and pay the same into an account to the credit of the Society as the Committee shall approve
    2. Make payments as authorised by the Committee
    3. Keep correct accounts and books showing the financial affairs of the Society
    4. Submit a report of the financial affairs of the Society at each Meeting of the Committee and at the AGM
    5. Purchase such wares as the Committee shall approve for resale to Members of the Society, and
    6. Make up the annual statement, accounts and balance sheet of the Society to the end of September, each year, which shall, after audit, be circulated to Members.

  21. Functions and Powers of the Committee
    1. The management of the Society shall be vested in the Committee
    2. There shall be a Committee Meeting as required but normally once in each calendar month. In the event that any two Members of the Committee request that a Committee Meeting be called, such Meeting shall be held within fourteen days
    3. Minutes taken of the proceedings of the Committee shall be open to the inspection of any Member of the Society upon application to the Secretary
    4. Non-Committee Members of the Society may attend Committee Meetings
    5. A quorum at a Committee Meeting shall be not less than four Committee Members and not less than 2 Executive Committee members
    6. Voting at Committee Meetings shall be by show of hands. A simple majority of Committee Members present shall be sufficient for any resolution unless otherwise provided for by this Constitution. In case of an equality of votes, the Chairperson shall have a casting vote as well as a deliberative vote, and
    7. In the event that neither the President nor the Vice President is available to chair a Meeting, those Members of the Committee who are present shall elect another Executive Committee member as chairperson.

  22. By-Laws
    1. The Committee may from time to time make such By-Laws, as it considers necessary and may rescind or vary any By-Laws provided such By-Laws do not conflict with any of the rules of this Constitution and provided further that any By-Laws, rescissions or variations are approved at the next GM of the Society.
    2. Without limiting the generality of the power to make, rescind or vary By-Laws hereby conferred upon the Committee, the following shall be deemed to be matters to which such power shall expressly extend
      1. As to the form and content of application for membership and conditions of admittance to membership
      2. As to subscription fees including determining the conditions of eligibility of Members to pay subscription fees at concessional rates
      3. As to any fees, charges or fines as the Committee may think fit
      4. As to the eligibility of persons to purchase wares acquired by the Society for resale or to participate as buyers or sellers in auctions conducted by the Society
      5. As to the wares which might be bought and sold in the exercise of activities organised by the Society
      6. As to determining the rules of any shows or competitions held by the Society
      7. As to determining the rules of any Breeders' Awards Program; and
      8. Generally for the control, support, management and government of the Society and all property vested in the Society or under its control or supervision.

    3. By-Laws shall have effect until repealed or amended in accordance with these rules
    4. By-Laws may be amended or repealed at any Annual or Extraordinary General Meeting. Any Member desirous of moving any resolution to repeal or amend any By-Law shall give notice thereof in writing to the Secretary who shall convene a Meeting within five weeks of receiving such notice at which the proposed resolution shall be put
    5. A resolution to amend or repeal By-Laws shall require a quorum.

  23. Sub-Committees
    1. The Committee may for such special purpose as it deems necessary delegate any of its powers to Sub Committees consisting of such Members of the Committee and other Members of the Society co-opted for that purpose as it may determine.
    2. Such Sub-Committees shall periodically report their proceedings to the Committee and shall conduct their business in accordance with the direction of the Committee.

  24. Disqualification of Committee Members
  25. The office of a Member of the Committee shall be vacated:
    1. If the committee member shall be absent from more than three consecutive Meetings without the consent of the Committee, or
    2. If the committee member ceases to be a Member of the Society, or
    3. If a resolution is passed by a majority of two-thirds of the Members at a duly convened GM declaring that the committee members office shall be vacant.

  26. Payments
  27. All payments shall be made by order of the Committee and in a form approved by the Committee. In the event that monies are withdrawn from the bank account of the Society, the instrument of withdrawal shall be signed by any two of the following Executive Committee Members:
    1. President
    2. Vice-President
    3. Treasurer
    4. Other nominated signatory.

  28. Honorary Auditor
  29. The Society shall appoint an honorary auditor at a GM each year to audit all books and accounts and financial statements of the Society. The auditor shall not be a Member of the Executive Committee.

  30. Financial Year
  31. The financial year shall commence on the first day of October in each year.

  32. Regular General Meetings
    1. GMs of the Society shall be held at such time and place as the Committee shall determine but they shall normally be monthly
    2. Members shall be given at least five days notice of a GM

  33. Annual General Meeting
    1. The AGM shall be held each year during the month of October
    2. All Members shall be given at least twenty-one days notice of the AGM
    3. If a quorum is not present within thirty minutes of the appointed starting time, the Meeting shall be adjourned for one month
    4. If a quorum is not present within thirty minutes of the appointed starting time of the subsequent Meeting, the Meeting shall be held as if a quorum were present. All decisions taken at an AGM so convened shall have the- force of a duly convened AGM
    5. If an AGM has not been called by the last day of October in any year, any fifteen Members or one-half of the total financial membership, whichever is the lesser number, may convene and conduct an AGM after having first notified all other Members of the Society; and
    6. In the event that a resolution proposing to add to, amend or repeal the Constitution or to rescind or amend any By-Law is to be considered at an AGM, Members shall be given at least five days notice of the proposed resolution.

  34. Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM)
    1. The Committee can hold an EGM when any question of urgent importance shall arise
    2. The Committee shall be bound to call an EGM within five weeks of receiving a request signed by fifteen financial members or one-half of the financial membership of the Society and specifying the subject to be discussed; and
    3. Members shall be given at least five days notice of any EGM and of any proposed resolution to be considered at such Meeting.

  35. Conduct of Meetings
    1. At all GMs of the Society, the President or in the absence of the President the Vice-President shall take the chair. Should the President and Vice-President both be absent, then a Member of the Committee shall be elected by the Meeting to take the chair.
    2. Voting in elections or upon any resolution shall be restricted to financial Members present at a Meeting. The mode of voting shall normally be by a show of hands but the Chairperson may, if they see fit, order a secret vote by ballot.
    3. Unless this Constitution provides otherwise, resolutions shall be carried and a simple majority shall elect Committee Members.
    4. In the case of an equality of votes, the Chairperson shall exercise a casting vote as well as a deliberative vote. A declaration by the Chairperson that a resolution has been carried or otherwise and an entry made to that effect in the minutes of the Society shall be sufficient evidence of the fact.
    5. An AGM or an EGM may be held on the same date or at the same place as a GM.
    6. The Committee shall determine the agenda for all GMs providing that in so doing, all relevant provisions of this Constitution are complied with.
    7. A quorum is required
      1. At an AGM, or
      2. For the election of Executive Committee Members, or
      3. For the election of General Committee Members at an AGM or EGM, or
      4. For voting upon any resolution.

  36. Indemnity
    1. Every Member of the Committee shall be indemnified out of the assets of the Society against all claims, losses, suits and demands at whatsoever instance in respect of anything done or omitted by such Member in the bona fide exercise of their duty as a Member of the Committee.
    2. The Society cannot be held responsible for any accident to any Member resulting from any of the activities of the Society or in relation to any wares sold by the Society.

  37. Society Property
    1. The property of the Society shall be vested in such number of custodians as may be determined by the Committee from time to time.
    2. No Member shall take or permit to be taken out of the possession of the Society any article whatever without the authority of the Committee. Any Member who takes, loses or damages property belonging to the Society shall be liable to make restitution of such property.

  38. Use of Society Name
  39. No Member shall use the name of the Society without the authority of the Committee.

  40. Dissolution of the Society
  41. The Society may be dissolved in which event the following rules apply:
    1. A notice of motion for dissolution shall be handed to the Secretary which must be signed by fifteen financial Members of the Society or three-quarters of all financial Members, whichever is the lesser number.
    2. The Secretary shall call an EGM within five weeks of receiving the notice of motion.
    3. For the motion to become effective, it must be carried by a three-quarters majority of Members present at the EGM.
    4. In the event that the resolution is passed, the Society shall be dissolved. Any funds and property remaining after the payment of liabilities and claims against the Society shall not be distributed among or paid to the Members of the Society but shall be given or transferred to an organisation having similar aims to those of the Society or to some recognised charitable body or public institution, as shall be determined by resolution passed at the Meeting called under this rule.